RAN – Pictures

This test measures naming speed of non-alphanumeric items, that is, of visually presented items that do not require alphabetic or numeric knowledge.  More specifically, this test measures the ability to quickly and fluently produce verbal labels for highly familiar depicted objects.

Age range

Because it is non-alphanumeric, this test is appropriate for Reception Year children as well as Year 1 and 2 children.

Scoring: speed, errors

Speed: Naming speed is obtained by averaging the number of seconds taken to name the full set of pictures across two trials.

Errors:  The error rate is obtained by averaging the number of incorrectly named and skipped objects across two trials. Note, error rates are only considered qualitatively as these are usually very low.


Current English norms are available for children in Reception Year, Years 1 and 2.

Norms tables will be added soon. 

Materials for administration

Recording device, Stopwatch, RAN Objects Practice and Test Card, RAN Objects Scoresheet

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